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dc.contributor.authorCabanellas-Reboredo, Miguel
dc.contributor.authorVázquez-Luis, Maite
dc.contributor.authorMourre, Baptiste
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, Elvira
dc.contributor.authorDeudero, Salud
dc.contributor.authorAmores, Ángel
dc.contributor.authorAddis, Piero
dc.contributor.authorBallesteros, Enric
dc.contributor.authorBarrajón, Agustín
dc.contributor.authorCoppa, Stefania
dc.contributor.authorGarcía March, José Rafael 
dc.contributor.authorGiacobbe, Salvatore
dc.contributor.authorGiménez Casalduero, Francisca
dc.contributor.authorHadjioannou, Louis
dc.contributor.authorJiménez-Gutiérrez, Santiago V.
dc.contributor.authorKatsanevakis, Stelios
dc.contributor.authorKersting, Diego
dc.contributor.authorMačić, Vesna
dc.contributor.authorMavrič, Borut
dc.contributor.authorPatti, Francesco Paolo
dc.contributor.authorPlanes, Serge
dc.contributor.authorPrado, Patricia
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Jordi
dc.contributor.authorTena Medialdea, José 
dc.contributor.authorde Vaugelas, Jean
dc.contributor.authorVicente, Nardo
dc.contributor.authorZohra Belkhamssa, Fatima
dc.contributor.authorZupan, Ivan
dc.contributor.authorHendriks, Iris E.
dc.description.abstractA mass mortality event is devastating the populations of the endemic bivalve Pinna nobilis in the Mediterranean Sea from early autumn 2016. A newly described Haplosporidian endoparasite (Haplosporidium pinnae) is the most probable cause of this ecological catastrophe placing one of the largest bivalves of the world on the brink of extinction. As a pivotal step towards Pinna nobilis conservation, this contribution combines scientists and citizens’ data to address the fast- and vastdispersion and prevalence outbreaks of the pathogen. Therefore, the potential role of currents on parasite expansion was addressed by means of drift simulations of virtual particles in a high-resolution regional currents model. A generalized additive model was implemented to test if environmental factors could modulate the infection of Pinna nobilis populations. The results strongly suggest that the parasite has probably dispersed regionally by surface currents, and that the disease expression seems to be closely related to temperatures above 13.5 °C and to a salinity range between 36.5–39.7 psu. The most likely spread of the disease along the Mediterranean basin associated with scattered survival spots and very few survivors (potentially resistant individuals), point to a challenging scenario for conservation of the emblematic Pinna nobilis, which will require fast and strategic management measures and should make use of the essential role citizen science projects can play.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge the MEDCLIC project, funded by “La Caixa” Foundation, contributing to the development of the WMOP hydrodynamic model. Maite Vázquez-Luis and Miguel Cabanellas-Reboredo were supported by a postdoctoral contract co-funded by the Regional Government of the Balearic Islands and the European Social Fund 2014–2020. Also, Vázquez-Luis was also supported by a postdoctoral contract Juan de la Cierva-Incorporación (IJCI-2016-29329) of Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades. Elvira Álvarez was supported by a Personal Técnico de Apoyo contract (PTA2015-10829-I) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness. Iris E. Hendriks was supported by Ramon y Cajal Fellowship RYC-2014-14970, cofunded by the Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i Turisme of the Balearic Government (Pla de ciència, tecnologia, innovació i emprenedoria 2013-2017) and the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness. Jose Rafael Garcia-March and Jose Tena were supported by the project BF/HEM 15-1662 -The study, protection and possible breeding of pen shell (Pinna nobilis) in the Boka Kotorska bay (Montenegro) of the Prince Albert II of Monaco Foundation.en
dc.description.sponsorshipStudy was financed by the special action project “NACRAS – Evaluación de la magnitud de un evento de mortalidad combinando censos científicos ampliados con observaciones de ciencia ciudadana” co-funded by the Regional Government and Direcció General d’Innovació i Recerca of the Balearic Islands and the European Social Fund 2014–2020en
dc.rightsAtribución 4.0 Internacional*
dc.titleTracking a mass mortality outbreak of pen shell Pinna nobilis populations: A collaborative effort of scientists and citizensen
dc.description.disciplineCiencias del Mares
dc.journal.titleScientific Reportses
dc.subject.keywordMass mortalityen
dc.subject.keywordPinna nobilisen
dc.subject.keywordMediterranean Seaen
dc.subject.keywordEcological catastropheen
dc.subject.unesco3105.12 Ordenación y Conservación de la Fauna Silvestrees
dc.subject.unesco2417.05 Biología Marinaes

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Atribución 4.0 Internacional
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución 4.0 Internacional