Genotype networks and biological evolution
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Darwin proposed that the development and evolution of living beings is governed by natural selection of the fittest, which supposes that the different phenotypes existing in nature are a random product of such natural selection. Although this is a consolidated scientific theory, there are still grey areas in the biological evolutionary process, among them, whether there has been enough time for point genetic mutations and natural selection to have been able to produce organs as complex as those in living beings. This difficulty could be mitigated by the existence of so-called “genotype networks”, and by their role in the production of all phenotypes that currently constitute the incomparable biodiversity of nature. Genotype networks refers to a set of genotypes which, varying very little in their structure, are interconnected, producing the same phenotype.